Guitar is a musical instrument of the most famous throughout the world. This instrument is played with different ways according to the type or kind. Among the many types of guitar, classical guitar types are one musical instrument that is used primarily to bring the solo works of classical music. To obtain a general description of the classical guitar let's look at the history, construction, engineering guitar, guitar education system, and the players.

History
The word "guitar" in English these days, was originally named after an ancient stringed musical instrument in the region of Persia in about 1500 BC, known as citar or sehtar. This instrument is then developed into a variety of old-fashioned guitar model known as a general term, tanbur.

In the year 300 BC the Persian tanbur developed by the Greeks and six centuries later by the Romans. In the year 476 AD this instrument was taken by the Romans to the Spanish and transformed into:
  • Guitarra Morisca, which serves as a carrier of a melody
  • Guitarra Latina, to play a chord.

Three centuries later the Arabs brought a kind of lute guitar, as al ud, to Spain. Under construction ud al Arab and the second model of the guitar from the Roman, the Spanish and then create their own musical instrument called vihuela. As a result, the vihuela became popular in Spain as the instruments of its predecessor, little by little abandoned.

However, al ud brought people to the Western European countries and rivaling the popularity of vihuela in Spain. In Europe, al ud welcome and evolved into various models of the European lute, until approximately the end of the 17th century. While the vihuela evolving into a wide range of guitars over the centuries until it became a classic guitar that is used at this time.

Part of the classical guitar
Classical guitar body consists of three main parts, head, neck and body. On the head there is a string tuning machines. Strings of six pieces of each tied to six pegs which are part of engine tuning. Located in the neck between the head and body.

The face of the neck that makes up approximately one-quarter of the front panel of the guitar body is a board that has a finger 19 of a metal barrier, known as fret. Its function is to produce a different pitch level by placing fingers on the spaces in between the fret metals.

The body of the guitar serves as a resonator tube, to magnify the sound produced by vibration of the strings. Front panel on the guitar body wood material is thinner than the rear and side boards, also known as sound board. On board sound, there is the sound hole to release the results of sound production. Basically, the sound produced by vibration of guitar strings which stretched between the buffer rod string, which is the boundary between the head and neck (called a nut), with ivory border (called the bridge) at the base of the fastening strings above the sound board (called the base) .

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